B.A. or Bachelor of Arts or B.A. (general) is an undergraduate course. It can be defined as a broad subdivision of culture composed of many expressive disciplines.

The course can be pursued either as a full-time graduate course or part time graduate course i.e. through correspondence or distance education depending upon one’s choice. B.A. is often referred as simply B.A. or B.A. Pass Course. It is general in the sense that it is not subject Specific and one can choose a number of combinations of subjects, apart from 1-2 Compulsory Subjects. These combinations vary from institute to institute. These subjects can from the Liberal Arts, the Sciences, or both. Normally, a candidate needs to study 5-6 Subjects 1–2 Compulsory and 3 Electives in 6 Semesters.

Arts students have the option to choose to major and minor in English, French, any other linguistics course, Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, History, Religious Studies and more subject areas. The duration of the course is three years, however, in some countries; this duration is 4 years especially in Canada, Japan, the Russian Federation, Scotland, United States etc. In India and other countries like some of the European Union countries, Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore etc. have 3 years of duration of the course. Those candidates who are unable to clear it in 3 years can clear it in a certain number of years depending upon the education policy. Most of the Institutes offer a change of Elective Subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance or choice. Certain Institutes admit students who have passed 1st or a 2nd year from another institute depending upon fulfilment of the institute’s rules and regulations.

B.A. Course is one of the oldest known courses and the most common course provided by almost all the educational institutes.

B.A. Eligibility

  • Students passing successfully out of their H.S.C. examinations (10+2) from a recognized Education Board with Science, Arts or Commerce stream can opt for Bachelor of Arts.
  • Generally, 50% of marks are required but the percentage may vary from state to state and from institute to institute.

Some of the Subjects available in B.A.

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Education
  • Economics
  • English
  • French
  • Geography
  • German
  • Hindi
  • History
  • Library Science
  • Literature
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy
  • Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Psychology
  • Sanskrit
  • Sociology

B.A. Syllabus

Syllabus of B.A. as prescribed by Indira Gandhi National College – IGN, Kurukshetra affiliated to Kurukshetra University.

Sr. No. Subjects of Study
1 Hindi
2 English
3 Political Science
4 History

Note: Total number of subjects and type of subjects may vary from institute to institute.

 

B.A. Colleges

  • Panjab University – PU, Chandigarh
  • University of Delhi – DU, Delhi
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • University of Mumbai, Mumbai

B.A. Course Suitability

  • Students willing to become lecturer and professor are suitable for it. They need to pass some certain qualifications for it.
  • They should be familiar humanity subjects as it is plus point for them during study.
  • Students with good interpersonal and communications skills are suit for it.

How is B.A. Course Beneficial?

  • Apart from Compulsory Subjects, there is a wide range of subjects to choose from. As such the course offers a wide range of postgraduate options and career opportunities.
  • Bachelor of Arts is a flexible course allowing students to adapt to changing demands of the employment market and meet their career demands.
  • Arts provides a set of general, portable and lasting skills vital to any career, such as the ability to research an issue, present an argument, analyze information, communicate clearly and relate well to people.
  • It develops communication, research, and analytical skills. For example, the ability to analyze tasks, set priorities and communicate goals to others.
  • B.A. degree course opens up a wide range of opportunities for the students in journalism, advertising, management, marketing, administration, politics, public services, police force, teaching, psychology etc.

B.A. Employment Areas

  • Advertising Agencies
  • Broadcasting Centres
  • Business Process Outsourcing Units
  • UPSC
  • Community Service Centres
  • Film Editing and Direction Units
  • Graphics and Printing Industry
  • Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Library and Information Science
  • Professional Writing
  • Religious Studies
  • Social Work Departments

Advance Course in B.A.

  • M.A.

 

B.Com. stands for Bachelor of Commerce. The course can be pursued either as a Full Time Graduate Course or Part Time Graduate Course i.e. through Correspondence or Distance Education depending upon one’s choice. B.Com. (General) is often referred as simply B.Com. or B.Com. Pass Course.

It is General in the sense that it is not Subject Specific and one can choose a number of combinations of subjects, apart from 1-2 Compulsory Subjects. These combinations vary from institute to institute. B.Com. degree programs generally last 3 to 4 years depending upon the country. Mostly the duration of Bachelor of Commerce Degree spans over a period of 3 years. A person seeking the Commerce Degree needs to study 5-7 subjects.  One can opt for various combinations depending upon the availability of choices in various Institutes. Those candidates who are unable to clear it in 3 years can clear it in certain number of years depending upon the education policy of an institute. Most of the Institutes offer change of Elective Subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance or choice. Certain Institutes admit students who have passed 1st or 2nd year from another institute depending upon fulfilment of the institutes rules and regulations. Bachelor of Commerce is considered as the second most preferred option for those who are not able to get admission in Science and those who think that Arts Degree is a lesser cousin of a Commerce Course. Bachelor of Commerce course is offered in many different disciplines to train candidates in a particular field. The degree provides the students with a wide range of managerial skills and competence in a particular area of Commerce. It equips students with the knowledge of accounting principles, export and import laws, economic policies and other aspects that impacts trade and business.

Bachelor of Commerce Subjects

  • Accountancy
  • Cost Account
  • Statistics
  • Management
  • Human Resource
  • Computer
  • Economics
  • English
  • Law
  • Marketing
  • Finance

Bachelor of Commerce Specialisations

1.  B. Com. – Advertising & Sales Management: In this program students are taught about the important aspects of Advertising and Sales Management. It is beneficial for students who want to work in marketing and advertising industry.
2.  B. Com. – Computer Application: In this program students are taught about computer application, software development and operating procedures, along with regular commerce subjects like accounts, economics, statistics, etc.
3.  B. Com. – Foreign Trade: In this program students are taught about the foreign trade procedures and transactions, along with regular B. Com. subjects. It is beneficial for students who want to work in a company involved in import and /or export activities.
4.  B. Com. – E-Commerce: In this program students are taught to effectively manage e-commerce business like online shops, or business portals along with technical and legal issues associated with it. It is beneficial for those students who have a knack for Commerce in the Electronic form.
5.  B. Com. – Honours: B. Com (H) is an extensive form of General or Pass Course B. Com. Many colleges run these courses in semester system like in Engineering, MBA or other courses. Students are taught all the subjects in more detailed form than they are covered in normal B. Com. Besides students are allowed to choose one subject for specialization in their final year. For example one can opt for specialization in Accounts, Cost Account, Management, Computer, Economics or any other subject.
6.  B. Com – Office Management: In this program students are taught about computer applications, office administration, communication skills, work ethics and corporate culture. It is beneficial for those students who are interested in managing an office.
7.  B. Com – Tax Procedure: In this program students are taught tax procedures and essentials, along with other commercial subjects. It is beneficial for students who want to work in Accounts or Tax department of any company or those who want to start their own tax consultancy firm.

B.Com. Course Eligibility

  • Students with 50% in H.S.C. examinations (10 + 2) from a recognised Education Board with Science, Arts or Commerce stream can opt for Bachelor of Commerce.
  • Students who have studied Commerce in 10+2 are given preference over others.

B.Com Syllabus

Syllabus of Bachelor of Commerce as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Year I  
Sr. No. Subjects of Study
1 Major Indian Language
2 Communicative English
3 Financial Accounting I
4 Business Regulatory Framework
5 Principle and Practice of Management and Business
6 Communication
7 Economics
Year II
1 Information Technology and its Application in Business
2 Principles of Marketing
3 Financial Accounting II
4 Direct and Indirect Taxation
5 Cost and Management Accounting I
6 Auditing
Year III
A Elective Group: Accounting & Finance
1 Financial Accounting
2 Cost and Management Accounting
3 Financial Management
4 Environmental Studies
B Elective Group: Marketing
1 Consumer Behaviour and Sales Management
2 Product and Price Management and Rural Marketing
3 Retail Management and Marketing of Services
4 Environmental Studies
C Elective Group: Taxation
1 Direct Tax: Laws and Practices
2 Indirect Tax: Laws and Practices
3 Text Planning and Procedures
4 Environmental Studies
D Elective Group: Computer Applications and e-business
1 Fundamentals of Computer
2 Data Communication and Networking and Financial e-business
3 Computer Applications and e-business Applications (practical)
4 Environmental Studies

 

B.Com. Course Colleges

  • University of Delhi – DU, Delhi
  • Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies Under Graduate – SCMS UG, Pune

B.Com. Course Suitability

  1. Student with a wide range of managerial skills while at the same time builds competence in a particular area are suitable for it.
  2. They should have skills related to sectors like financial services, banking, business, industry, management, entrepreneurial ventures, law, hotel management and government services are suitable for the course.
  3. It is suitable for Commerce students; they can take up CA, CWA, CSS and other courses easily. There are novel courses like foreign trade and advertising for those who want to do graduation.

How is B.Com. Course Beneficial?

  • Candidates who have completed B.Com. have a High Employment Rate as there is no business which does not require a Manager or a Commerce Specialist to manage the financial aspects of their respective businesses. All the companies registered under the Companies Act, are required to get their accounts audited only by practising Chartered Accountants because of which accountants never run out of job.
  • A qualified Chartered Accountant also has the option of joining the Government Service, Public Sector undertakings or taking up a lucrative assignment in the private sector.
  • As the businesses are expanding globally with the use of latest technology, there is growing requirement for qualified and trained individuals to look after day to day business operations successfully.

B.Com. Employment Areas

  • Banks
  • Budget Planning
  • Business Consultancies
  • Educational Institutes
  • Foreign Trade
  • Industrial Houses
  • Inventory Control
  • Investment Banking
  • Marketing
  • Merchant Banking
  • Public Accounting Firms
  • Working Capital Management
  • Policy Planning
  • Public Accounting Firms
  • Treasury and Forex Department

B.Com. Job Types

  • Auditor
  • Budget Analyst
  • Business Consultant
  • Certified Public Accountant
  • Chartered Management Accountant
  • Chief Financial Officer
  • Cost Estimator
  • Finance Manager
  • Financial Analyst
  • Stock Broker

Advance Courses in B.Com.

  • M.B.A. (e-Commerce)
  • M.Com.

After completing B.Com. you can become:

  • Accountant