L.L.B. or Bachelor of Legislative Law is an undergraduate Law course. Law is a set of categorized rules and regulations under which any society or country is governed. Just like its post graduate counterpart i.e. LL.M., the course is unconventionally abbreviated as L.L.B.
The course is also offered as B.L. (Bachelor of Law) in certain institute or certain regions, example N.V.P. Law College. Bachelor of Law is 3 year course. The course arrangement is divided into 6 semesters. On completion of the 3 Year Course, i.e., after the 6th semester, the LL.B. degree is awarded. Students who desire to study the law, but do not wish to practice as advocates are eligible for the LL.B. (General) Degree, at the end of the 2nd year i.e. after the 4th semester. In most of the Law Schools the course should be completed within 6 Years which is maximum time period to finish the course. The legal education apex body in India is the Bar Council of India. This Bar Council monitors and regulates the system of legal education in India. Before 1984, the Course was of 3 years duration only. However, upon the suggestion by the Law Commission of India and the Bar Council of India Specialized Law Universities solely devoted to legal education were established. These provided multi-disciplinary and integrated approach to legal education.
Thus, there are 2 options for Legal Courses – 3 years L.L.B. course for Graduates and 5 year course for Under Graduates. The 5 year course degree with B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.) degree is obtained by students who complete the integrated degree course. Other degrees in law offered are B.Sc., LLB and B.B.A, L.L.B after 5 years of study in Law Colleges. Both the types of degrees – 3 year and 5 year Integrated Honours are recognized and are also qualifying degrees for practice of legal profession in India. All fresh law graduates or those who have already cleared their law graduation but have not yet enrolled with the bar council must clear a bar examination (All India Bar Examination) to be entitled to practice before courts or tribunals in India. The process of enrolment confers a license to the holder to practice before any court in India and give legal advice. The entire procedure of enrolment and post-enrolment professional conduct is regulated and supervised by the Bar Council of India. L.L.B. Law degree qualifies a student to become Lawyer or work in a Legal Department. Bachelor of Law Degree Instruction material includes Seminars, Tutorial Work, Moot Courts and Practical Training Programs. Bachelor of Law Distance Education Courses is something of Contentious in nature and as such its availability and recognition are dubious.
- Generally, eligibility for LLB is on the basis of marks scored at the graduation examinations. The person should be a graduate like B.A. or B.Com. or B.Sc. degree with minimum 40% marks (35% for SC/ST).
- Percentage and other criteria may vary depending upon the institute.
- Those who have done post graduation will get an extra 2% weight age. However, there are some Universities that conduct entrance tests too. The Entrance Exam is written test where questions are based on Reasoning, Mathematics, English and General Knowledge. Certain institutions like National Law School in Bangalore conduct an All India Entrance examination. To get admission for this course, the students have to give an entrance test and a personal interview.
Some of L.L.B Entrance Tests
- CLAT – Common Law Admission Test is an All India Entrance Examination conducted by 11 National Law Universities for admissions to their under-graduate and post graduate degree programs (L.L.B & L.L.M).
- LAWCET – Law Common Entrance Test is conducted by Colleges and Universities in Andhra Pradesh for admission into 3 year and 5 year LLB programs.
Some of Bachelor of Law Subjects
- Legal Methods
- Code of Civil Procedure
- Litigation Advocacy
- Political Science
Syllabus of L.L.B. as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.
|Year I of LL.B.|
|a)||Sem. I (June / October)||b)||Sem. II (November/April)|
|1)||Labor Law||1)||Family Laws II|
|2)||Family Law I||2)||Law of Tort & Consumer Protection Act|
|4)||Optional Papers (Any One)||4)||Professional Ethics|
|c) Women & Law|
|e) International Economics Law|
|Year II of LL.B.|
|a)||Sem. III (June / October)||b)||Sem. IV (November / April)|
|1)||Law of Evidence||1)||Property Law including transfer of Property Act|
|2)||Arbitration, Conciliation & Alternative||2)||Jurisprudence|
|3)||Human Rights & International Law||3)||Practical Training – Legal Aid|
|4)||Environmental Law||4)||Optional Papers (Any one)|
|a) Comparative Law|
|b) Law of Insurance|
|c) Conflict of Laws|
|d) Intellectual Property Law|
|5)||Law of Contract II|
|Year III of LL.B.|
|a)||Sem. V (June / October)||b)||Sem. VI (November / April)|
|1)||Civil Procedure Code (CPC)||1)||Code of Criminal Procedure|
|2)||Interpretation of Statutes||2)||Company Law|
|3)||Legal Writing||3)||Practical Training – Moot Court|
|4)||Land Laws including ceiling and other local laws||4)||Practical Training II – Drafting|
|5)||Administrative Law||5)||Optional Papers (Any one)|
|a) Investment & Securities Law|
|b) Law of Taxation|
|d) Co-operative Law|
|c) Banking Law including Negotiable Instruments Act|
L.L.B. Course Colleges
- National Law School of India University – NLSIU Bangalore, Bangalore
- Government Law College, Mumbai
- Indian Law Society Law College – ILS, Pune
- Aligarh Muslim University – AMU, Aligarh
L.L.B . Course Suitability
- People who have good presence of mind and those who are extrovert are the most suited for this profession.
- A lawyer should also have brilliant communication skills and presentation skills.
- They have to cross check the observer and set up facts before the court. The skills related to analysis are extremely important to a successful Lawyer.
How is L.L.B. Course Beneficial?
- Degree in Law not only offers just employment but it also provides a person an instrument to fight against inequality and wrong deeds of all types in the society.
- There is certain amount of prestige with this profession as Law is the base of the society and a vital weapon of social change. Nobody messes with a Lawyer because that person himself deals with Lawlessness.
- Lawyers can find employment opportunities in both public and private sector organizations. Most Lawyers prefer to become an advocate and practice law as a profession. Central/State Government jobs are also open to Lawyers. They can be appointed as Judges of various courts, as Attorney and Solicitor General, as Public Prosecutor and also in Defence, Tax and Labour departments. Moreover Lawyer can also work as legal counsel and legal advisers for firms, organizations and families.
L.L.B. Employment Areas
- Colleges & Universities
- Courts & Judiciary
- Law Firms
- Bank (Legal dept.)
L.L.B . Job Types
- Attorney General
- District & Sessions Judge
- Munsifs (Sub-Magistrate)
- Public Prosecutor
- Legal Advisor
- Teacher & Lecturer
- Law Reporter
- Legal Expert
Similar Course in L.L.B.
- L.L.B. (Hons.)
Advance Course in L.L.B.
After completing L.L.B. you can become:
- Oath Commissioner